Skin Care and the Physiology of the Skin

The most important organ of the human physique is the pores and skin. It protects our our bodies from the surroundings, maintains physique temperature, excretes waste matter, provides sensory data to the mind and regulates physique moisture. We take into consideration our pores and skin greater than every other a part of our our bodies, and we manifest that spotlight by investing our feelings and about 6 to 20 % of our disposable revenue into our pores and skin (Lappe, 1996). It’s worthy to think about, then, how beauty merchandise have an effect on our pores and skin. On this article the psycho-social influence of cosmetics will likely be examined in addition to why cosmetics are deemed mandatory. The physiology of pores and skin, how cosmetics have an effect on pores and skin operate and the results of artificial and pure beauty components on the pores and skin may even be thought-about.

The Psycho-Social Influence of Cosmetics

Our society is preoccupied with the “tradition of magnificence” (Lappe, 1996) which incorporates the notion that our pores and skin should at all times look younger and seem free from blemish. Our psychological well-being is usually intently enmeshed with perceptions of how our pores and skin seems to ourselves and others. We outline our self-image to incorporate the seen illustration of our pores and skin to others, so in consequence, it has turn out to be the “main canvas on which our cultural and private identification is drawn” (Lappe, 1996). Beauty corporations put aside ideas of pure magnificence in order that flaws comparable to giant pores, tremendous traces and wrinkles are dropped at the fore, influencing our spending habits in pursuit of flawless pores and skin.

Within the animal kingdom, most male species are endowed with vibrant bodily attributes so {that a} much less vibrant, however correctly camouflaged feminine mate will likely be interested in it. People shouldn’t have equal ornamentation, so ladies use cosmetics, particularly make-up, to brighten their faces to draw potential mates.

The Want for Cosmetics

A beauty is any substance which, when utilized, ends in a brief, superficial change (Anctzak, 2001). We use a myriad of cosmetics on our pores and skin, from moisturizers to lipstick. Make-up alters our visible look by enhancing our facial options by means of the creative utility of color. It could beautify the face and be used to specific our sense of self to others. Make-up can disguise blemishes, scars, under-eye circles and even out our pores and skin tone. It could increase shallowness, make us really feel extra engaging and improve our social acceptability in some social conditions. Utilizing make-up can contribute to a well-groomed picture, which positively influences our confidence, shallowness, well being and morale.

Skincare cosmetics deal with the floor layer of the pores and skin by offering higher safety towards the surroundings than pores and skin left untreated. Lotions deal with the pores and skin’s floor by imparting moisture to the pores and skin cells on the outermost layer of the pores and skin. It additionally types a skinny barrier which traps moisture beneath, thereby stopping the evaporation of water from the pores and skin’s floor. Lotions additionally speed up the hydration of pores and skin cells on the outer layer, giving the pores and skin a quickly easy, plump look. Exfoliants enhance the looks of the pores and skin by sloughing away flaky pores and skin, blackheads and a few lifeless pores and skin cells. Astringents enhance pores and skin tone and texture by swelling the pore partitions so dust and particles don’t accumulate inside. Soaps loosen particles of dust and dirt by dissolving the greasy residue left on the pores and skin from pure pores and skin oils, lotions and make-up.

The Physiology of the Pores and skin and How Cosmetics Have an effect on Pores and skin Perform

Pores and skin is made up of three major layers: the dermis, the dermis and the hypodermis (see image).The dermis is the one layer we will see with our eyes and as we age, exceptional adjustments happen that are hidden from our view. For example, the pores and skin regularly thins over time, particularly across the eyes. Some cosmeceuticals can minimally re-thicken the pores and skin, however the strategy of thinning is inevitable. Elastin and collagen, positioned within the dermis preserve the pores and skin resilient and moist, however with ageing these fibres break all the way down to create traces and wrinkles. Publicity to ultraviolet radiation accelerates this course of, and since few cosmetics can really attain the dermis, the concept a beauty can reverse this course of is unfounded. One of the best ways to forestall tremendous traces and wrinkles is to restrict our publicity to the solar and ultraviolet radiation.

The pores and skin is a extremely advanced, dynamic tissue system. One sq. inch of the pores and skin consists of 19 million cells, 625 sweat glands, 90 oil glands, 65 hair follicles, 19 000 sensory cells and four metres of blood vessels (Lappe, 1996). The outermost layer of the dermis is known as the cornified layer, and is manufactured from sheets of keratin, a protein, and squames, lifeless, flat pores and skin cells. It’s our barrier towards dehydration from the surroundings. It receives its main provide of moisture from the underlying tissue, since fixed contact from the exterior surroundings tends to dry out the pores and skin’s floor. When the pores and skin is uncovered to dry circumstances, the cornified layer can turn out to be dry, brittle, agency and if untreated, it may crack and result in an infection. Lotions create a waxy barrier to forestall dehydration and preserve the pores and skin moist and supple. Beneath the cornified layer lie six extra layers of the dermis liable for cell technology. The life cycle of pores and skin cells inside this layer takes roughly 28 days, so it could take three to 4 weeks to look at any adjustments on the pores and skin’s floor from utilizing a brand new beauty.

The pores and skin floor can be residence to thousands and thousands of wholesome micro-organisms which improve our immunity to pathogenic, or disease-causing micro organism. Thus, our need to sterilize the pores and skin additionally destroys helpful micro organism, comparable to streptococcus mutans, and micrococcus luteus . Toners, as an illustration, are helpful in preserving bacterial populations down, thus lowering pimples flare-ups ensuing from microbes which invade and proliferate within the pores. Overuse of anti-microbial brokers can produce dangerous outcomes when too many helpful micro organism are destroyed, permitting pathogenic micro organism to multiply unchecked on the pores and skin. The pores and skin additionally produces antimicrobial proteins, two of that are referred to as defensins and cathelicidins, which improve when the pores and skin is broken. Perspiration, mandatory for the upkeep of inside physique temperature, additionally excretes a germicidal protein referred to as dermicidin to fight micro organism producing physique odour. Deodorants additionally help in preserving the bacterial inhabitants down, thus reducing the odours produced as they feed on the waste matter excreted by the sweat glands. Analysis has proven that individuals who wash excessively are extra susceptible to an infection and eczema because of ‘washing” away pure micro organism and germicides too ceaselessly (Awake!, 2004).

The Impact of Pure and Artificial Beauty Elements on the Pores and skin

A pure substance is any plant or animal extract, rock or mineral which is obtained from the earth (Antczak, 2001). A synthetic or artificial substance is a substance which has been modified by means of chemical reactions in an industrial course of (Antczak, 2001). We use a myriad of cosmetics on our pores and skin, however earlier than we use these magnificence aids, three important questions needs to be requested:

What’s the composition of the beauty?
Why is every ingredient used?
Do the components have optimistic or unfavourable results on the pores and skin and physique?
(See glossary)

Many merchandise declare to be secure and even might seem like secure, however past the short-term advantages of utilizing the beauty, are there any long run results from every day absorption of its use? Pores and skin was once thought-about an impermeable barrier, however transdermal medication have confirmed that the alternative is true; the pores and skin permits many substances to move by means of its layers into the bloodstream.

A number of components have an effect on the speed with which the pores and skin will take in varied beauty components. The situation of the pores and skin, comparable to whether or not it’s dry or broken will improve absorption. Cuts, pimples or abrasions additionally improve absorption. Different methods to soak up beauty components is to inhale them, comparable to with hairspray or talcum powder, or by means of the mucous membranes. Moist substances are most readily absorbed and powders are absorbed the least by the pores and skin. Many merchandise declare to deal with a pores and skin situation, comparable to pimples or dry pores and skin, however comprise components which exacerbate these issues. For example, pimples therapies might comprise comedogenic, or pore-clogging components. Lotions which might be presupposed to deal with dry pores and skin may very well strip the pores and skin of its pure oils that are helpful in stopping dryness. Some comprise chemical substances which seep by means of the pores and skin and dissolve pores and skin oils and defat the pores and skin (Lappe, 1996). A rising development is chemical sensitivity, which may develop at any time, even after long run use of the identical product. The components in lots of cosmetics trigger 20% of the inhabitants (U.S. information, Erickson, 2002) to develop the signs of chemical sensitivity. Pure cosmetics emphasize extra conventional pores and skin therapies with few of those harsh results, acknowledging that brief time period magnificence doesn’t steadiness with long run hazards to well being.

The well being of the pores and skin depends on sound dietary practices, wholesome residing and efficient, secure safety on its floor. The natural make-up co. can assist you obtain wholesome, radiant pores and skin by providing a whole line of cosmetics and make-up composed of all pure components, with no animal, artificial or petroleum-based components. Our merchandise are made recent for you as soon as we obtain your order, and comprise preservatives comparable to tocopherol acetate (vitamin E), ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and different plant oils with anti-microbial properties.

We invite you to provide our pure merchandise a strive. Our cosmetics and make-up are developed on the premise of sound, scientific rules and the physiology of the pores and skin. Our merchandise will persuade you on their very own benefit, since they’re pure, vegan, and a very good various to standard make-up and cosmetics.

Please contact us at for additional data.


Anctzak, Gina & Stephen, Dr., (2001). Cosmetics Unmasked, Harper Collin, London.
Erickson, Kim, (2002). Drop Useless Beautiful, Modern Books, USA.
Lappe, Marc Dr., (1996). The Physique’s Edge, Henry Holt & Co., New York.
Purvis, Debbie, (1989). The Enterprise of Magnificence, Wall & Thompson, Toronto.
Awake! Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, Canada, February 8 2004.

Article Tags:
Lappe 1996, Beauty Elements, Pores and skin’s Floor, Pores and skin Cells, Cornified Layer, Lengthy Time period

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